Drug utilization study in a trauma care unit of a tertiary care hospital
Department of pharmacology,
Phone No: +919945910158
Objective: To evaluate drug utilization in a trauma care unit of a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: A prospective cross sectional study was conducted for a period of 15 months at Basaweshwar Teaching and General Hospital (BTGH), Gulbarga and the data which was collected was analyzed for various drug use indicators.
Results: A total of 220 prescriptions were collected and the average number of drugs per prescription ranged between 3.5 to 9.5 7.5% of generics and 94% of the essential drugs were prescribed. The NSAIDs and antimicrobials were prescribed to all the patients who were admitted in the trauma care unit (TCU). The (Defined daily dose) DDD/1000/day for diclofenac sodium was the highest (150), followed by cefuroxime (28.63) and that for paracetamol (2.27) was the lowest.
Conclusions: Newer antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors were prescribed more often. The irrational use of higher antibiotics was also seen in the study population. Prescribing generics drugs should be promoted more for cost effective treatment. Hence, the results of the present study indicate that there is a considerable scope for improvement in the prescription pattern.