A Clinical and Histopathological Study
on the Oral Mucosal Lesions in Common
Vippan Goyal (Asst. Prof.)
Department of Dermatology
Adesh Medical College & Hosptial
Aims: To study the clinico-histopathological correlation of mucosal involvement in various dermatological disorders.
Background: The mucosa of the oral cavity is very important from the dermatologistâ€™s point of view as it originates from the ectoderm. The structure and the lining of the oral cavity has importance in the diagnosis of oral as well as systemic diseases, as it is the site of various isolated mucosal lesions as well as mucosal lesions of systemic diseases. The physical examination is completed by doing a histo-pathological examination in order to establish a final diagnosis.
Material and Methods: 110 patients who had oral lesions, who were diagnosed clinically were included in the study. A 4-5 mm punch biopsy specimen of the oral lesion was taken under local anaesthesia and sent for histopathology.
Results: Of the 110 cases, Lichen planus and Pemphigus vulgaris formed a majority of the cases and the lips and the buccal mucosa were the most common sites which were reported.
Conclusion: From the ongoing discussion and observations, it can be concluded that for any disease which presents with oral manifestations or for diseases in which oral manifestations precede the systemic onset, especially of longer duration, the histopathology of the oral lesions should always be performed as it is an essential diagnostic tool.