Music and Anxiety in Hospitalized Children 94-96
Shima Kazemi, Researcher, Golestan University of Medical
Sciences, MSc student of Management in Azad University
of Sari, 2nd floor, Research Deputy of Golestan University of
Medical Sciences, Falsafi Educational complex, Shastkola road,
Gorgan city, Golestan province, Iran.
Postal code: 49177-65181
Tel: 0098-171-4421654; Fax: 0098-171-4421657
Purpose: Music is a method of stress reduction and could be used as a non-invasive therapeutic tool to relieve the pain and anxiety of patient. This study is designed to evaluate the role of music therapy on the level of anxiety in children aged 912 yearsold, in an academic hospital in Gorgan, northeast of Iran.
Methods: Sixty hospitalized children were categorized into the intervention (case=30) and the control groups (N=30) by using a simple randomized method. The data gathering instruments were questionnaires which included demographic information and a trait anxiety inventory for children, the Spielberger test (STAIC). For the intervention group, for 2 days, 20 minutes (3 am-6 pm), the soothing rhythmic music of Johann Sebastian Bach was released through a tape recorder which was equipped with a headphone and then, the Spielberger questionnaires were refilled by each patient. The control group did not receive any intervention.
Results: The results showed that the anxiety scores between the control and the intervention groups had no significant difference before the application of the music. The mean anxiety after the application of music in the control group was 49.4Â±7.2 and in the intervention group, it was 30.7Â±7.5. The results showed a significant difference between the mean anxiety in the control and the intervention groups (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Our results showed that in hospitalized children, music therapy reduced the anxiety level.