The Effect of Smoking on the Blood Parameters of Young Adults
Dr. Jayballabh Kumar, Assistant Professor,
Department of Physiology, TMMC & RC, TMU,
Delhi Road , Bagarpur, Moradabad, 244001, UP, India.
Aims and Objectives:
To compare the haemoglobin concentration, the Differential Laeukocyte Count (DLC) and the Packed Cell Volume (PCV) in the blood of smokers and non-smokers.
150 young adults who were of the age group of 20-30 years were selected for this study. Out of the 150, 75 were smokers and 75 were non-smokers. The subjects who suffered from any diseases were excluded. The methods which were used for this study were- Sahliâ€™s method for the estimation of haemoglobin, the Tally Chart Method for the determination of the differential laeukocyte count and Wintrobeâ€™s method for the determination of the PCV.
In the present study, the means of the neutrophil counts in the passive smokers, occasional smokers and the active smokers (<10 cig. /day) were higher than those in the non-smokers, whereas it was lesser in the active smokers (>10 cig./day). The eosinophil counts in the passive smokers, occasional smokers and the active smokers (>10 cig. /day) were slightly higher than those in the non-smokers, whereas it was lesser in the active smokers (<10 cig./day). But the difference was not significant. The packed cell volume of the active smokers (> 10 cig./day) was significantly higher than that of the non-smokers (p=0.0033). In the active smokers (< 10 cig./day), the packed cell volume was quite significant than that in the non-smokers (p=0.078).
Our study showed that that smoking had an effect on the blood parameters. A majority of the parameters showed higher values in the smokers than in the non-smokers. These mainly included haemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV) and the differential leukocyte count (DLC).