A Prospective Randomized Comparative Study of Vicryl Rapide Versus Chromic Catgut for Episiotomy Repair
Dr. A. Bharathi,
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology,
No-771/D, 17th F-3 Main, 6th Block,
6th C Cross, Koramangala Layout,
Bangalore- 560095, India.
Background and Objectives: A significant number of women experience perineal trauma following vaginal deliveries and they require stitches. This may result in perineal pain, dyspareunia and faulty healing. The type of suture material which is used, will influence these factors. This study was conducted to compare the impact of two absorbable suture materials which were used for episiotomy repair, namely vicryl rapide and chromic catgut in relation to a short term maternal morbidity, in terms of the perineal pain and the wound healing.
Methods: This was a prospective, randomized study which was conducted in the hospitals which were attached to JJMMC, Davangere. Four hundred women with episiotomies were randomly allocated to repair with either vicrylrapide or chromic catgut (200 each). The outcome measures which were assessed were perineal pain and wound healing at 24-48 hours, 3-5 days and 6 weeks postpartum.
Results: The two groups were similar at the trial entry. As compared to the chromic catgut group, the vicryl rapide group was associated with less pain (32.5% vs 57%) and a less need for analgesia (15.5% vs 0.5) at 3-5 days. There was also a significant reduction in the wound indurations, uncomfortable stitches and wound dehiscence (4% vs 13.5%) and a better wound healing (p<0.05 significant) in the vicrylrapide group. No significant difference was noted in the perineal pain at 6 weeks postpartum. Wound infections (3.5%) and wound resuturing (2%) were seen in the chromic catgut group and they were absent in the vicrylrapide group. Interpretation and conclusion: So, this study concluded that vicrylrapide was the ideal suture material for episiotomy repair, which resulted in less perineal pain and a better wound healing.