The Serum C Peptide Levels Among
the Offsprings of the People with
Type 2 Diabetes
Dr. Farhan Ahmad Khan,
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology,
TMMC&RC, TMU, Moradabad, U.P., India.
Background: Insulin Resistance (IR) is a condition in which the cells of the body become resistant to the effect of insulin , that is, the normal response to a given amount of insulin is reduced. As a result, levels of insulin are needed in order for insulin to produce its effect. The incidence of diabetes in the offsprings of diabetic couples was more than the incidence of diabetes in the offsprings, of whom only a single parent was diabetic.
Aims and Objectives: This study was done to assess the prevalence of insulin resistance in the offsprings of diabetic patients.
Material and Methods: The present, cross sectional study conducted in the Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre, Moradabad, U.P., india. The offsprings of diabetic subjects attended the General Medicine OPD and the Diabetic Clinic and they were also admitted in the indoor wards of the Department of Medicine. The study material consisted of 53 (35 males and 18 females) live offsprings of diabetics from 28 families.
Results: The mean c-peptide level in the offsprings of biparental diabetics was significantly higher than that in the offsprings of monoparental diabetics (p<0.01) and in the offsprings of non-diabetics (p<0.01). The frequency of the high c-peptide level was 38.1% in the offsprings of biparental diabetics, it was 21.1% in the offsprings of monoparental diabetics and it was 7.7% in the offsprings of non-diabetics.
Conclusion: This study revealed that during the young ages of the offsprings of biparental diabetics, insulin resistance was common and that insulin resistance was more common in the obese, female offsprings of biparental diabetics.