Dental Considerations In Pregnancy-A Critical Review on The Oral Care
Dr. Hemalatha VT,
Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology,
Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath University,
Pregnancy is a dynamic physiological state which is evidenced by several transient changes. These can develop as various physical signs and symptoms that can affect the patients health, percep - tions and interactions with others in the environment. The patients may not always understand the relevance of the adaptations of their bodies to the health of their foetuses. A gestational woman requires various levels of support throughout this time, such as medical monitoring or intervention, preventive care and physical and emotional assistance. The dental management of pregnant patients requires special at - tention. Dentists, for example, may delay certain elective proce - dures so that they coincide with the periods of pregnancy which are devoted to maturation versus organogenesis. At other times, the dental care professionals need to alter their normal pharma - cological armamentarium to address the patientsâ€™ needs versus the foetal demands. Applying the basics of preventive dentistry at the primary level will broaden the scope of the prenatal care. Den - tists should encourage all the patients of the childbearing ages to seek oral health counseling and examinations as soon as they learn that they are pregnant. This article has reviewed some of the physiologic changes and the oral pathologies which are associated with pregnancy, and how these alterations can affect the dental care of the patient.