The Effect of a Primary Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH) on the “Near-Miss” Morbidity and Mortality at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Rural Bangalore, India: A Four Year Analysis 1114-1119
Dr. Umashankar K.M,
No. 106, 4th Main Road, Near Colony, Bangalore, India.
Aim: To assess the risk factors, the mortality and the â€śnear-missâ€ť morbidity in primary PPH.
Setting and Design: A retrospective analysis of 124 women with PPH (within 24 hrs of delivery) over 4 consecutive years in a tertiary care hospital in rural bangalore.
Materials and Methods: The case sheets of the patients, which were identified by the labour record registers as having PPH were reviewed by the same person, to identify the actual impact of the condition. The data was analyzed by Chi-square analysis.
Result: PPH (the loss of blood that caused significant alterations in the maternal condition or a blood loss of 500 cc in vaginal deliveries or of >1000 cc in caesarean sections) was recorded in 124 women; 60 had delivered in hospitals (Group-A) and 64 had been referred after their deliveries (Group-B) from various peripheral centres, i.e., maternity hospitals, nursing homes and district and community health centres. The maternal mortality ratio during this period was 71/100,000 (4 deaths/5600 live births). Of these 4 deaths, 0 were in group A and 4 were in group B. The â€śnear-missâ€ť morbidity was higher than the mortality (total 20/124; 6/60 in Group-A and 14/64 in Group-B). The delayed referrals and the lack of an active 3rd stage management in Group-B were responsible for most of the adverse events.
Conclusion: Both the â€śnear-missâ€ť morbidity and the mortality in PPH reflect the level of obstetric care in the developing world. These need to be reduced by strengthening the peripheral delivery facilities, the active 3rd stage management and the timely referrals.