Platelet Functions and Coagulation Changes in Indian Children with Nephrotic Syndrome 1647-1650
Dr. Aliza Mittal,
Department of Pediatrics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
Phone: 9968629988, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Only little is known on the effect of the platelet function in the paediatric nephrotic syndrome. The earlier studies which had been done on hypercoagulability have mainly featured the secondary forms of the nephrotic syndrome and the data on the minimal change type of disease is limited. We therefore, made an effort to study the platelet functions and the coagulation profile in children with the nephrotic syndrome,to find the relationship between the steroid response and the coagulation profile, and to look for the correlation between thromboembolism and the hypercoagulable states.
Methodology: Twenty nine children with the steroid responsive nephrotic syndromewere studied to see the platelet aggregation and the coagulation parameters and their response to the steroid therapy. Doppler studies were done for the renal vein and the inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus.
Results: It was seen that an increased aggregability of the platelets occurred with Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and collagen (out of the four agonists, ADP, Collagen, Ristocetin and Arachidonic acid) which were used as agonists for the assay. We also observed that the Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) had become prolonged and a significant decline in the high values of the procoagulant proteins (Protein C and Protein S) was seen after the steroid therapy and when the children went into remission. These findings were suggestive of a reversibility of the changes in the steroid responsive nephrotic syndrome with the steroid therapy. One child was found to have thrombosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) on Doppler studies, which resolved with treatment subsequently.
Conclusions: An increased platelet aggregability contributes to the hypercoagulable states, that may increase the incidence of thrombosis in such patients. Although the incidence of such complications is very low, in a given child with the hypercoagulable states, Doppler may be used to look for any evidence of a latent thrombus and, an early intervention could be instituted. A change in the coagulation parameters points to the reversibility of the changes which are produced in a diseased state.