Menstrual Pattern among Unmarried Women from Northern India
Dr. Sorab Gupta,
HNo 310 Sector 127, Shivalik City, Kharar, Mohali, India.
Background: Menstruation disorders are also responsible for emotional, physical, behavioural and dietary practice changes. These changes affect their normal functioning and social life. The present study was carried out to find the prevalence of menstrual problems among unmarried girls of Chandigarh, India and to compare their knowledge and beliefs regarding menstruation in different subâ€“groups.
Methodology: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 744 unmarried females in Rural, Urban and Slum strata of UT Chandigarh, India. Data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire on menstruation. Chiâ€“square value was used for testing statistical significance.
Results: The mean age of the respondents was 16.84Â±3.05 years. Maximum respondents (40.9%) were educated up to 10th standard/High school. 448 (60.2%) were aware of menstruation before starting of menarche. Awareness was found to be significantly associated (p=0.02) with age. Socioâ€“economic status and prior knowledge of respondents was also found to be significantly associated (p< 0.001). 61% (454) of the respondents had a regular flow during menses. Normal flow was reported by 70.2 %( 522) of the respondents. Dysmenorrhea was found to be the most common problem suffered by 429 (57.7%) respondents.
Conclusion: Menstrual hygiene is an issue that needs to be addressed at all levels. A variety of factors are known to affect menstrual behaviors, the most influential ones being economic status. It is essential to design a mechanism to address and for the access of healthy menstrual practices.