Metabolic Syndrome among Urban and Rural Women Population – A Cross Sectional Study
Dr. Shalini M.,
Professor, Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Agalkote, Tumkur, Karnataka-572107, India.
Phone: 09448658840, E-mail: email@example.com
Introduction: There is increased incidence of Metabolic Syndrome across the globe. Metabolic Syndrome a strong predictor of coronary vascular disorder and Diabetes Mellitus is not highlighted enough especially in women. This study was undertaken to learn the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among urban and rural women.
Material and Methods: A detailed history, clinical examination along with mini glucose tolerance test, FBS and PPBS in a known diabetic and fasting lipid profile were done in 590 urban and 433 rural women. Metabolic Syndrome was defined using Modified NCEP ATP III Criteria.
Results: Metabolic Syndrome was detected in 342 (57.96%) urban and 239 (55.19%) rural women. Individual components of Metabolic Syndrome like Waist circumference of > 80 cm was found in 283 (82.74%) urban and 171 (71.54 %) rural women, Systolic blood pressure > 130 mm Hg was found in 261 (76.31%) urban and 187 (78.24 %) rural women, Diastolic blood pressure of > 85 mm Hg was found in 201 (58.77%) urban and 143 (59.83 %) rural women, Triglycerides of > 150 mg/dl was found in 187 (43.85%) urban and 159 (66.52 %) rural women, High density lipoprotein of < 50 mg/dl was found in 309 (90.35%) urban and 224 (93.72 %) rural women and Fasting blood sugars of > 110 mg/dl was found in 93 (27.19%) urban and 44 (18.41 %) rural women.
Conclusion: Our study showed increased prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in urban women however there is also increasing prevalence in rural women due to changing life style pattern.