Intra Osseous Jaw Lesions in Paediatric Patients: A Retrospective Study
Dr. Shelly Arora,
7th Floor, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Maulana Azad Medical College,Bahadurshah Zafar Marg,
New Delhi - 110002, India.
Phone: +918800168638, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: This study was undertaken to comprehensively analyze the distribution of intra-osseous paediatric jaw lesions (0-16 years) and to correlate the same with the data which has been published in the literature.
Study Design: A total of 171 hard tissue paediatric pathologies obtained from the archives of Department of Oral Pathology, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, India were retrospectively reviewed over a period of 6 years. All the cases were analyzed for gender, site, radiographic findings, histopathological diagnosis, treatment modality and recurrence rate.
Results: The present study revealed 54/171 odontogenic cysts, 45/171 odontogenic tumours, 33/171 bone pathologies, 2 malignant tumours, 1 connective tissue pathology and 36/171 miscellaneous category cases. The highlights of this analysis showed a relatively higher incidence of odontogenic tumours (26.3%) as compared to those seen in other studies which have been published in literature. KCOT and ameloblastoma (solid and unicystic) were the most frequently diagnosed tumours. Also, one case of dentigerous cyst which was converted into calcifying ghost cell odontogenic tumour was a unique feature which was noted in the current study.
Conclusion: In the current study, a preponderance of odontogenic pathosis was seen in the paediatric age group which was studied.