Evaluation of Psychological Symptoms in Premenstrual Syndrome using PMR Technique BC01-BC03
Ms. Geetanjali Purohit,
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Dheeraj General Hospital, SBKS MI & RC, SVU, Vadodara-391760, Gujarat, India.
Phone: +919537086089, E-mail: Purohit85geet@gmail.com
Background: The mood changes surrounding menstrual cycle mainly during luteal phase, known as premenstrual syndrome, have been described as early as the time of the ancient Greeks. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) are used to study psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Aims: To study the psychological parameters and effects of PMR on females with premenstrual syndrome. Settings and Design: It was an experimental study.
Materials and Methods: Sixty participants aged between 18 and 40 years, volunteered for this study. Relaxation technique, PMR was given to the study group (Group A, Mean age 24.13Â±5.69) for one month and control group (Group B, Mean age 28.96Â±9.42) was evaluated without any intervention. Statistical Analysis Used: Paired students t test. Alpha error was set at 1% level.
Results and Conclusion: PMR Group A showed significant decrease in both BDI II and STAI scores (p<0.001), showing benefits of relaxation in reducing anxiety and depression. We conclude that PMR helps to alleviate symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and decreases anxiety and depression as shown by changes in scores of both questionnaires.