Relative Risk of Various Head and Neck Cancers among Different Blood Groups: An Analytical Study ZC25-ZC28
Dr. Khushboo Singh,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J. College of Dental Sciences And Research, Modinagar,
District Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Phone: 8979555730, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Cancer is a unique disease characterized by abnormal growth of cells which have the ability to invade the adjacent tissues and sometimes even distant organs. The limited and contrasting evidence regarding the association of ABO blood groups with the different types of head and neck cancers in the Indian population warrants the need for the present study.
Aim and Objective: To assess the relative risk of various Head & Neck cancers among different blood groups.
Materials and Method: Three hundred sixty two diagnosed cases of different type of head and neck cancers and 400 controls were selected from four hospitals of New Delhi, India. The information regarding the type of head and neck cancer was obtained from the case sheets of the patients regarding their socio demographic profile, dietary history using a structured performa. The information regarding type of cancer (cases only), ABO blood group was collected.
Statistical Tests: The data was analysed using the SPSS 19 version. Chi square test and odds ratio were calculated. The level of significance was fixed at 5%.
Results: The O blood group was found to be most prevalent followed by B, A and AB among the cases as well as the controls. Maximum number of oral cancer patients belonged to blood group O followed by B, A and AB. Significant pattern of distribution was seen among the patients of esophageal cancer, laryngeal cancer and salivary gland cancer as well (p=0.003, p=0.000 p=0.112) respectively.
Conclusion:The present study reveals that there is an inherited element in the susceptibility or protection against different types of head and neck cancers. Blood group A was found to be a potential risk factor for the development of oral cancers, esophageal cancers and salivary gland cancers while blood group B was found to be a potential risk factor for laryngeal cancers.