Total and Free Fluoride Concentration in Various Brands of Toothpaste Marketed in India ZC09-ZC12
Dr. Shibu Thomas Sebastian,
Pullamkalam, Fathimapuram P.O, Changanacherry-686102, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
Background: For fluoridated toothpaste to be effective in controlling dental caries, an adequate concentration of soluble fluoride must be available in the oral cavity.
Aim: To determine the total and free fluoride concentration in various brands of toothpaste marketed in India.
Materials and Methods: Three samples of 12 different toothpastes were purchased from supermarkets in Mysore city, Karnataka, India. Toothpastes were analysed in duplicate using a fluoride ion-specific electrode. The concentration of total fluoride (TF) and total soluble fluoride (TSF) were determined.
Results: Measured TF was consistent with that declared by the manufacturer in five products. Four toothpastes showed lower TF and two higher TF than declared. Most toothpastes exhibited TSF concentrations similar to the TF content except four samples that displayed considerably lower TSF than TF.
Conclusion: The measurement of total and free fluoride concentrations of toothpastes available in India showed inhomogenities. Therefore there is a need for stringent regulatory control measures for the determination of fluoride content in toothpastes in developing country like India.