Fluoride Content of Bottled Drinking Water in Chennai, Tamilnadu ZC32-ZC34
Dr. Sujatha Somasundaram,
Reader, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai â€“ 600077, India.
Context: The optimum level of fluoride in drinking water is 0.7 to 1.2 ppm. Decreased fluoride concentration leads to increased risk of caries and increased concentration can lead to dental or skeletal fluorosis. One crore liters of water is supplied to Chennai and surrounding areas through pouches and bottles which carters about one third of city population.
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the fluoride concentration in top 10 bottled waters in Chennai and to check the accuracy of their labelling.
Materials and Methods: Top selling bottled waters, 6 multinational and 4 Non- multinational brands were selected for the study. Three different batches of each brand were purchased. The labels of the bottled were removed after collecting the details regarding fluoride content. All the bottles were numbered and sent for fluoride content analysis using SPADNS calorimetric method.
Results: All the brands and batches which were analysed for the study had less than optimal fluoride content and there is a significant variation in fluoride concentration of each brand and among different batches of same brand bottled waters. The range of fluoride level in tested samples was between 0.27 to 0.59. Only one brandâ€™s label had information regarding the fluoride content.
Conclusion: Standardization of fluoride levels in bottled waters and labelling of fluoride content should become mandatory.