Assessing the Validity of Friedewald’s Formula and Anandraja’s Formula For Serum Ldl -Cholesterol Calculation BC01-BC04
Dr. Vanitha MN Gowda,
Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, M S Ramaiah Medical College and Hospitals, MSR College Road,
MSR Nagar, MSRIT Post, Mathikere, Bangaloreâ€“ 560054, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: An important aspect of the assessment of cardiovascular risk for a dyslipidemic subject is the estimation of serum Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C). There are many homogenous assays currently available for the estimation of serum LDL-C. Most clinical laboratories determine LDL-C (mg/dL) by Friedewaldâ€™s formula (FF), LDL-C = (TC) - (HDL-C) - (TG/5). Recently Anandaraja and colleagues have derived a new formula for calculating LDL-C, AR-LDL-C = 0.9 TC- (0.9 TG/5)-28. Aim &
Objectives: The aim of the study was: a) to determine if, and to what extent, LDL-C level was underestimated/overestimated when it was calculated using the formulae compared with direct measurement of LDL-C, and b) to determine which of the calculated formulae show maximum correlation with direct LDL cholesterol method at different TG levels. Setting & Design: A cross-sectional study.
Materials and Methods: Record analysis was done from the 370 (TG <400mg/dl) lipid profile reports of patients above 18 years. LDL-C estimation was done by homogenous assay and also calculated using the Friedewaldâ€™s Formula and Anandarajaâ€™s Formula.
Results: The mean LDL-C levels were 105.17Â± 43.4, 102.98 Â±42.5, and 98.20 Â±43.7 mg/dl for D-LDL-C, F-LDL-C and AR-LDL-C, respectively. A good correlation was found between the calculated LDL-C methods and Direct Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol method (D-LDL-C) assay, that is, F-LDL-C versus D-LDL-C (r = 0.937) and AR-LDL-C versus D-LDL-C (r= 0.918). Blandâ€“Altman plot for FF-LDL-C & AR-LDL-C showed minimal negative bias.
Conclusion: FF-LDL-C correlated maximally with D-LDL-C estimation at all levels of triglycerides except at TG < 100mg/dl. At TG < 100mg/dl, Anandarajaâ€™s Formula works better. FF-LDL-C can be used in place of D-LDL-C when the direct method cannot be afforded.