Relationship Between the Parenting Styles and Students’ Educational Performance Among Iranian Girl High School Students, A Cross- Sectional Study JC05-JC07
Dr. Hashemian Ataollah,
Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Introduction: Parenting styles are effective in the educational performance of their child. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the parenting styles and studentsâ€™ educational performance among Iranian girl high school students.
Materials and Methods: In a crossâ€“sectional survey, female students in high schools of Ilam (Iran) evaluated during the academic year 2014-15. Multistage cluster random sampling was used to select the participants. Data were collected by two demographic and Baumrind's parenting styles questionnaire. The Cronbachâ€™s alpha coefficient was measured as an index of internal identicalness of the questionnaire to verify its reliability.
Results: A total 400 students were studied. The MeanÂ±SD of the studentsâ€™ age were 14Â±1.08. The studentsâ€™ school grades were the first year of high school to pre-university course. The MeanÂ±SD of parenting styles were 35.37Â±5.8, 34.69Â±6.34 and 19.17Â±6.64 for permissive parenting style, authoritarian parenting style and authoritative parenting styles, respectively. There was a significant relationship between the score of permissive parenting style (p= 0.001, r= 0.151), authoritarian parenting style (p= 0.001, r= 0.343) and authoritative parenting style (p=0. 001, r= 0.261) with the students' average score for studying.
Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that parental influence plays an important role in studentsâ€™ educational performance.