Surgery for Colorectal Cancer in Elderly Patients: How Could We Improve Early Outcomes ? PC04-PC08
Dr. Mahdi Bouassida,
Mohamed Tahar Maamouri hospital, Mrezga 8000, Nabeul, Tunisia. UniversitÃ© Tunis-El Manar,
FacultÃ© De MÃ©decine De Tunis, 15, Rue Djebel Akhdhar, Tunis, Tunisia.
Background: Age is one of the causes behind the undertreatment of elderly colorectal cancer patients. The increase of mortality among elderly colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is due to competing causes of death occurring in the early post operative period. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for post operative mortality and morbidity among elderly CRC patients.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive chart review was performed on consecutive patients older than 70 y with CRC. We have collected data of 124 patients who were admitted from January 2001 to January 2010. Demographic characteristics, operative and postoperative informations were retrospectively analysed.
Results: Early postoperative morbidity, operation related to morbidity and mortality were observed in 44 (35.5%), 9 (7.3%) and 20 (16.1%) cases, respectively. No other factors but ASA score (p = 0.002 and 0.005 in univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively) and emergency operations (p<0.001 and 10-3 in univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively), were found to be risk factors of mortality. The results of multivariate analyses indicated that anaemia (p=0.021) and rectal cancer (p=0.015) had significant impact on the risk of anastomotic leakage. On the other hand, diabetes mellitus and rectal cancer were indicators that correlated with the width of hospitalization.
Conclusion: Elderly CRC patients should no longer be undertreated only because of their age. They should be exposed to more aggressive management than they are currently receiving. Careful preoperative evaluation, followed by medical optimization and planning of perioperative care could improve outcomes of colorectal surgery for elderly patients.