The Association Between Psychological Factors and Orofacial Pain and Its Effect on Quality of Life: A Hospital Based Study ZC039-ZC043
Dr. Neha Bhasin,
2934/A, Vidya Villa, Opposite Narmada Nagar, Adjacent Sukh Sagar Motors, Gwarighat Road,
Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh-482008, India.
Objective: To examine the hypothesis that psychological factors of psychological distress and perception of unhappiness in childhood are associated with self reported orofacial pain and to examine whether such patients have a poorer perception of their oral health related quality of life and if so then to what extent.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional hospital based study was conducted in Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Jabalpur amongst 400 cases and 400 controls. Patients were included based on Locker and Sladeâ€™s criteria. Patients were asked to complete 27 items Questionnaire which included the General Health Questionnaire to assess for psychological distress and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 for evaluating impact on quality of life. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the degree of association between psychological factors, unhappy childhood and quality of life. P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: An increased propensity to report orofacial pain was seen for those individuals with higher levels of Psychological Distress and with perception of Unhappiness in Childhood. These individuals also reported with poorer perception of their oral health related Quality of Life.
Conclusion: The present study has shown relationship between Orofacial Pain, Quality of Life and Psychological Factors.