Anesthesia for a Rare Case of Uncorrected Pentalogy of Fallot Undergoing Craniotomy and Drainage of Brain Abscess
Dr. Vinay Marulasiddappa,
Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute,
Fort, KR Road, Bengaluru 560002, India.
Children with uncorrected cyanotic congenital heart diseases can present for non cardiac surgeries. They pose several challenges to the Anaesthesiologist, especially when they are posted for emergency surgery, due to the complex haemodynamic changes secondary to the heart disease. Pentalogy of Fallot (POF) is a rare form of congenital heart disease characterized by the association of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with an atrial septal defect (ASD). TOF is the leading cause of intracardiac right to left shunt and is the commonest type of cyanotic congenital heart disease to cause a brain abscess. Children with POF presenting with brain abscess pose several challenges to the anaesthesiologist due to the altered haemodynamics and warrant a meticulous anaesthetic plan. There are very few case reports of Anaesthesia management of a child with Pentalogy of Fallot (POF) presenting for non cardiac surgery. We report the anaesthetic management of a rare case of a 5-year-old child with uncorrected POF, who presented to our Superspeciality hospital with a brain abscess and underwent an emergency craniotomy with drainage of the brain abscess successfully.