Inducible Clindamycin Resistance among Clinical Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from Sub Himalayan Region of India DC20-DC23
Dr. Kiran K Mokta,
Block 6, Type 4, Set 48, Officers Colony, Kasumpati, Shimla, HP-171009, India.
Introduction: Clindamycin is an alternative antibiotic in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) infections, both in infections by methicillin susceptible and resistant (MSSA and MRSA) strains. The major problem of use of clindamycin for staphylococcal infections is the presence of inducible clindamycin resistance that can lead to treatment failure in such infections.
Aim: To determine inducible and constitutive clindamycin resistance among clinical isolates of S. aureus in a tertiary care centre of sub Himalayan region of India.
Materials and Methods: A total of 350 isolates of S. aureus from various clinical samples were subjected to routine antibiotic sensitivity testing by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method. Methicillin resistance was detected by cefoxitin (30Âµg) disc. All isolates were subjected to inducible clindamycin resistance was by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommended D test.
Results: Among 350 S.aureus isolates, 82 (23.42%) were MRSA and 268 (76.57%) were MSSA. Erythromycin resistance was detected in 137 (39.14%) isolates. Erythromycin resistance in MRSA and MSSA was 71.6% and 29.36% respectively. Overall clindamycin resistance was seen in 108 (30.85%) isolates. Constitutive MSLB phenotype predominated (29.62% MRSA; 13.38% MSSA) followed by iMLSB (28.39% MRSA; 9.29% MSSA) and MS phenotypes (13.58% MRSA; 6.69%MSSA). Both inducible and constitutive clindamycin resistance was significantly higher (p=0.00001, 0.0008 respectively) in methicillin resistant strains than in methicillin susceptible strains.
Conclusion: The present study gives a magnitude of clindamycin resistance among clinical isolates of S. aureus from this region of the country. Our study recommends routine testing of inducible clindamycin resistance at individual settings to guide optimum therapy and to avoid treatment failure.