Short Term Safety and Tolerability of a Fixed Dose Combination of Olmesartan, Amlodipine and Hydrochlorothiazide OC10-OC13
Dr. Rishi Jain,
Medical Services Department, Second Floor, Corporate Enclave, B D Sawant Marg, Chakala,
Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra-400009, India.
Objective: To assess the short term safety and tolerability of a fixed dose combination (FDC) of olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide (OAH) in real-world clinical setting in India.
Materials and Methods: Physicians were requested to provide eight weeks observational clinical event data of the patients prescribed with FDC of Olmesartan (20/40mg), Amlodipine (5mg) and hydrochlorothiazide (12.5mg) in the prescription event monitoring (PEM) forms. Data on patientsâ€™ demographics, indication for FDC, concomitant medication and other relevant history was also collected and was analysed with descriptive statistics.
Results: Two hundred thirty eight physicians provided data of 4763 patients. Mean age of the population was 55Â±7 years and males were 59.3%. The commonest indication for the FDC was uncontrolled hypertension (60.7%). Diabetes and dyslipidemia were present in 37.9% and 35.1% respectively.Concomitant medications included statins (42.3%), oral anti-diabetic (33.7%) and antiplatelet agents (24.7%). Pedal oedema (0.29%) was the most common adverse event (AE) reported followed by headache (0.16%), giddiness (0.15%), light headedness (0.15) and stroke (0.15%). Other less common (0.04%) reported AEs were tiredness, dizziness, gastritis, hypersomnia, hypoglycaemia, lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), weakness, diarrhea, labyrinthitis, urinary tract infection, hyponatremia and hypotension. Occurrence of AEs was more common in patients with uncontrolled hypertension (60.74%).
Conclusion: The FDC of olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide prescribed most frequently for patients with uncontrolled hypertension and co-morbidities was found to be safe and well tolerated over a short period of observation.