Prevalence of Osteosclerosis Among Patients Visiting Dental Institute in Rural Area of Western India ZC38-ZC40
Dr. Jitender Solanki,
Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vyas Dental College & Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
E-mail : email@example.com
Background: Idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) is a benign lesion of unknown aetiology and is not attributed to any dysplastic, inflammatory, neoplasia, or systemic disorder. Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence and distribution of IO according to its location and to patientsâ€™ age and gender, among rural population of western India.
Materials and Methods: Seven hundred and fifty patients were examined for the presence of IO in the jaw bone. After a thorough clinical examination, radiographic examination was done using OPG. Age specified by WHO were used 5, 12, 15, 35-44 and 65-74. The data collected was than tabulated and subjected to descriptive statistics and chi square test.
Results: Among the total study population 89 (11.8%) were found to be suffering from IO out of which 27 (7.2%) were males and 62 (16.53%) were females. The maximum number of IO cases cases was seen among the age group of 35-44 y, 33 (22.0%) and minimum in 5 y 9 (6%)
Conclusion: IO is higher among the females as compared to males and mostly seen among the 3rd and 4th decade individuals.