Additional Virtual Reality Sitting Balance Training Using XBox Kinectâ„¢ in Patients with Neurological Disorders: A Pilot Study YM01-YM03
Dr. Senthil Kumaran Dharmaraj,
Associate Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal-576104,
Udupi, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Sitting balance is a prerequisite to upper extremity function, standing and walking, which is affected in various neurological diseases. It is important to attain a good level of sitting balance before one can proceed to standing. In recent years, virtual reality game training has gained a widespread application.
Aim: This pilot study aimed to examine the role of additional virtual reality sitting balance training using a commercial interactive virtual reality system- Xbox Kinectâ„¢ in patients with neurological disorders.
Materials and Methods: Four patients with sitting balance impairments following neurological disorders received two weeks of virtual reality based therapy along with the conventional physiotherapy. Sitting balance was evaluated using FIST (Function In Sitting Test) scores at baseline, one week and after two weeks of intervention.
Results: All four patients showed clinically significant improvement in FIST score between the pre and post intervention. Percentage of improvement in FIST score was approximately 27% with a minimum change of 10 points in the FIST score Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID=6.5).
Conclusion: Additional virtual reality training may improve sitting balance control in neurological patients with balance impairments. It can be used as an adjunct in routine neurorehabilitation.