Morphological and Morphometric
Analysis of Hypoglossal Canal in North
Indian Dry Skulls and It's Significance in
Cranial Base Surgeries
Dr. Ranjana Verma,
Flat no 705 Oasis Emerald Heights, Ramprastha Greens, Sec-7, Vaishali , Ghaziabad-201010, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Hypoglossal Canal (HC) is a paired bony passage which is situated above the Occipital Condyle (OC) and transmits hypoglossal nerve and blood vessels. Studies on the osteotic variations of HC has been a field of considerable interest to research workers especially because of its clinical, radiological and surgical significance.
Aim: The aim of the present study was to analyze the morphological and morphometric features of HC and its topographical relationship with OC.
Materials and Methods: The present study was done on 50 human dry skulls. The HC was looked for presence of spur and septa along with its location in the canal and were classified into different types accordingly. The distance of extracranial and intracranial openings of HC from the posterior end of OC was measured by Sliding Vernier caliper. Angle of inclination of HC with the midsagittal plane was measured with the help of goniometer.
Results: In the present study, we observed osteotic variations in the HC in 52% skulls. The spur (Type 2) was seen in 28% and incomplete septa (Type 3) was noted in 26% skulls. In some cases, spur and septa were seen in different locations of same HC. However, complete septa (Type 4) were not observed in our study. Spur and septa, both were present more frequently on the left side. The external and internal distance of HC from posterior end of OC was more on the left side in comparison to the right side. The anterior angle of HC to the midsagittal plane is less in comparison to posterior angle in case of double internal opening of HC.
Conclusion: The present study regarding morphologic and morphometric analysis of HC and its relation to the OC will provide important information in North Indian population. It will enable effective and reliable surgical intervention in the area of HC and craniovertebral junction leading to better postoperative outcome.