Estimation of Total Length of Femur
from its Proximal and Distal Segmental
Measurements of Disarticulated Femur
Bones of Nepalese Population using
Regression Equation Method
Dr. Laxman Khanal,
Assistant Professor, Department of Human Anatomy, BPKIHS, Dharan-56700, Eastern Region, Nepal.
Introduction: Length of long bones is taken as an important contributor for estimating one of the four elements of forensic anthropology i.e., stature of the individual. Since physical characteristics of the individual differ among different groups of population, population specific studies are needed for estimating the total length of femur from its segment measurements.
Aim: Since femur is not always recovered intact in forensic cases, it was the aim of this study to derive regression equations from measurements of proximal and distal fragments in Nepalese population.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 60 dry femora (30 from each side) without sex determination in anthropometry laboratory. Along with maximum femoral length, four proximal and four distal segmental measurements were measured following the standard method with the help of osteometric board, measuring tape and digital Vernierâ€™s caliper. Bones with gross defects were excluded from the study. Measured values were recorded separately for right and left side. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 11.5) was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The value of segmental measurements were different between right and left side but statistical difference was not significant except for depth of medial condyle (p=0.02). All the measurements were positively correlated and found to have linear relationship with the femoral length.
Conclusion: With the help of regression equation, femoral length can be calculated from the segmental measurements; and then femoral length can be used to calculate the stature of the individual. The data collected may contribute in the analysis of forensic bone remains in study population.