Spirometric Profile of an Indian Population with Post-Tuberculous Obstructive Airway Disease
Dr. Avradip Santra,
15/1, Karar Pukur Lane, P.S. Bantra, P.O. Howrah-711101, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Tuberculosis is a public health problem in developing countries and in spite of receiving adequate anti-tuberculous therapy, patients often continues to have several post-tuberculous sequelae, especially airflow limitation.
Aim: To evaluate pulmonary function by spirometry among post-tuberculosis cases with airway obstruction and their relationship with smoking.
Materials and Methods: All patients who presented to the pulmonary medicine Outpatient Department (OPD) with symptoms of obstructive airway disease and had completed adequate anti-tuberculous therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis were taken up for study. They were initially evaluated with sputum smear for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) and chest X-ray. Patients without evidence of active tuberculosis underwent spirometry and those having post-bronchodilator Forced Expiratory Volume in first second (FEV1)/ Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) FEV1/FVC<0.7 were taken up for final analysis. Spirometric parameters were compared between smokers and non-smokers.
Results: Out of 138 finally selected cases, 84.06% were male and 71.01% were within age range of 40-69 years. Significant positive association was found between extent of radiologic lesion and severity of airflow obstruction. Purely obstructive pattern was found in 27.54% cases and 72.46% showed mixed pattern. Patients with mixed ventilatory abnormality had worse pulmonary function and poorer bronchodilator reversibility than patients with pure obstruction. Comparison of post-bronchodilator FEV1, FVC, Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) and Forced Expiratory Flow (FEF) 25-75 between smokers and non-smokers did not show statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: Majority of patients with post-tuberculous obstructive airway disease have associated restrictive component. But smoking did not cause significant alteration in pulmonary function among such patients.