Prevalence of Distal Caries among Mandibular Second Molar Due to Impacted Third Molar Teeth in Saudi Population
Dr. Kamran Bokhari Syed,
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha-61471, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: A tooth is said to be impacted if it does not reach the occlusal plane even after two-thirds root formation. The aetiology of impacted teeth is varied and multi-factorial. Significant problems associated with impacted teeth include trismus, infection, cervical caries of second molars.
Aim: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars and to compare with similar studies conducted elsewhere.
Materials and Methods: Study included assessment of patients reporting between 2009 to 2014 for dental care at College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study which included a total of 6000 Orthopantomograms (OPGs). The data collected was decoded and entered into excel spread sheet. Descriptive analysis of the data was done and results were displayed as frequency table and graphs.
Results: A total of 979 patients had impacted third molars (16.31%). A total of 39% patients with impacted third molars had distal cervical caries in second molar. Mesioangular impaction was the most prominent type. This was closely followed by horizontal impaction causing distal caries in second molars. Age group between 21-28 years and male gender had the higher prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars.
Conclusion: A total of 39% of the patients with impacted mandibular third molars had distal cervical caries in second molars. Mesioangular type, male gender, age group 21-28 years were the prominent factors associated with distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars.