Health-Related Quality of Life of Persons after Rhinoplasty: A Longitudinal Study among Iranian Population
Dr. Mansour Khorasani,
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Introduction: Despite the growing number of cosmetic rhinoplasty surgeries in Iran in recent years, there is little information about the effects of this procedure on the subjectsâ€™ Quality of Life (QoL). This study examined the QoL after rhinoplasty in subjects without nasal obstruction, who wanted the surgery for aesthetic reasons, three and six months postoperatively.
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the changes of QoL in clients who take rhinoplasty.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study conducted in Tehran, Iran. Using convenience sampling, 150 subjects who had undergone cosmetic rhinoplasty from June 2013 to June 2014 were invited to participate in the study. Patientsâ€™ QoL was measured one week before and three and six months after rhinoplasty, using the Iranian version of the 36-item Short Form (SF-36) questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, paired t-test, and independent sample t-test were used for data analysis.
Results: Most of the participants were women (64%), and the mean age was 26.8Â±5.4 years (range: 18â€“41 years). The mean QoL scores before and three and six months after rhinoplasty were 67.26Â±26.01, 68.00Â±15.7 and 83.65Â±9.6, respectively. None of the measured demographic characteristics showed any correlation or relationship with the participantsâ€™ QoL before and after the procedure (p>0.05).
Conclusion: QoL can be considered as a quality indicator of health care systems. This study shows that the personsâ€™ QoL improved six months after cosmetic rhinoplasty.