Marital Intimacy and Predictive Factors Among Infertile Women in Northern Iran QC13-QC17
Dr. Zahra Basirat,
Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center of the Babol University of Medical Sciences,
Tork Mahalleh, Babol, Mazandaran Province, Iran.
Introduction: Infertility is a stressful state that may decrease attachment between spouses. Marital intimacy is a real need in infertile women.
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate marital intimacy and predictive factors among infertile women in Northern Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Center of Babol Medical Sciences University in 2014. A total of 221 infertile women participated in this study. The instrument used in this research was Marital Intimacy Need Questionnaire (MINQ). Statistical analyses was performed using linear and logistic regression with p<0.05 indicating statistical significance.
Results: An 88.5% of infertile women had good marital intimacy. The mean and standard deviation of the marital intimacy was 349.11Â±49.26 and in marital intimacy domains including: emotional (42.28Â±7.23), psychological (41.84Â±7.59), intellectual (42.56Â±7.46), sexual (42.90Â±7.41), physical (43.59Â±6.96), spiritual (51.61Â±8.06), aesthetic (42.66Â±6.75), and social intimacy (42.59Â±6.89). The highest mean of marital intimacy domains is related to spirituality in infertile women. Physical and sexual domains had the high mean in infertile women. The lowest mean in marital intimacy domains was psychological intimacy. There was a significant correlation between the domains of marital intimacy. The strongest correlation was between the physical and sexual intimacy (r=0.85). There was a significant inverse association in marital intimacy with the age difference of spouses (p<0.01), and tobacco use (p<0.02). There was a statistically significant association in the marital intimacy with husbandâ€™s occupation, and cause of infertility (p<0.02).
Conclusion: Early screening and psychosocial intervention strategies suggest in the setting of female infertility to identify and prevent the predictive factors that may cause marital conflict.