Role of MRI in a Series of Cases with Biceps Injuries of the Shoulder TR01-TR05
Dr. Abhishek Dwivedi,
Senior Resident, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology,
Base Hospital and Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110010, India.
Dislocation and injury of the biceps is associated with acute and chronic trauma, degenerative changes, repetitive microtrauma, or injuries associated with recurrent and neglected cases of shoulder dislocation. The cases of displaced biceps injuries are relatively rare (only 1/6th of all rotator cuff injuries). The dislocation of biceps is manifested with pain and restriction of movements. The X-ray shoulder is not of much help in this condition barring for ruling out the fractures of humerus and scapula. Ultrasound is an important tool in the dislocation and shows empty bicipital groove which raises the suspicion of the soft tissue injures. Ultrasound is a problem solving tool when the equivocal findings in MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in other muscular injuries also. MRI is the modality of choice in these conditions. The bone and anatomy is better visualised on the T1WI images and the pathology is better visualised on the PDFS (Proton Density Fat Saturation) and the STIR (Short Tau Inversion Recovery) images. The role of Non Contrast Computed Tomography (NCCT) is important in associated suspicious bony abnormalities as highlighted in the article. The biceps region is a hidden area and challenging on arthroscopy due to poor visualisation of the extra-articular tendon part. MRI study helps the orthopaedicians for better management of the hidden areas. This series highlights the role of each modality in the diagnosis and management of the biceps lesions.