Ureteric Avulsion following Blind Attempts at Retrieval of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device: A Clinical Lesson to Primary Care Givers QD01-QD03
Dr. Akhila Vasudeva,
Professor and Head of Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KMC, Manipal Academy of Higher Education,
Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) is the most popular method of reversible contraception in India because of their high efficacy for fertility regulation, low-risk, low-cost, and lack of required maintenance. Uterine perforation remains one of the most serious complications, with an incidence 0.87 per 1000 insertions. The IUCD strings are used to monitor and remove the device. Missing IUCD strings are observed in about 5% of the users. Such patients require localisation of the device using Transvaginal Scan (TVS) and X-Ray, and combined hysterolaparoscopic approach for its retrieval. Hereby we report a case of young primipara, who consulted a local practitioner requesting IUCD removal, as she was planning to conceive her second child. On examination, Cu-T threads were not found. A plain X-Ray of the pelvis was reported as: Cu-T limbs seen in the left side of the pelvis, â€śin the region of uterusâ€ť. Blind attempts led to damage to ovary and uterus along with the ureter. By reporting this case, we hope to raise awareness on the management of misplaced IUCD, among primary care givers; and the need for set protocols on the management of such cases.