Jigsaw Classroom: Is it an Effective Method of Teaching and Learning? Student’s Opinions and Experience JC01-JC04
Dr. Aliya Nusrath,
Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Adichunchanagiri University, B G Nagara-571448, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: In this digital era with information overload it is important to train the students in a systematic approach to the information available and a positive interdependence for effective learning. Jigsaw is an active method of co-operative learning which focuses on learning in groups with a specific goal and has shown to improve the student’s academic performance.
Aim: To analyse the learning experience of students in Jigsaw Co-operative Learning (JCL) technique and to explore the opinion of students towards the advantages/disadvantages of JCL technique.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first year MBBS students (n=152). The participants were subjected to JCL on folic acid and vitamin B12 during tutorial class after completion of the same topics during didactic lecture class. The participants answered pre-test and post-test for the above topic and feedback was taken using a pre-tested questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis of the data.
Results: Statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test score (p<0.001) was observed. The overall mean score of the learning experience of participants was 4.14±0.3 with the statement ‘the activity helped me in enhancing communication skill’ having highest mean score of 4.59 and ‘the activity enabled in depth coverage of the topic’ having lowest mean score of 3.58. Majority of the participants (83%) preferred JCL method of teaching learning. A number of advantages and disadvantages of this method were also opined by the participants in the open-ended questions.
Conclusion: Based on the participants’ opinions and positive approach, JCL can contribute to better understanding and comprehension of the concepts, improvement in communication, and analytical skills, making learning an enjoyable experience for the students.