Prevalence of Functional Disability Due to Neck Pain and Back Pain among Microscope Users of Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab, India YC01-YC04
Dr. Shveta Sharma,
Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India.
Introduction: Prolonged use of microscope can result in discomfort and injuries which may lead to functional disability.
Aim: To determine the prevalence of functional disability due to neck pain and back pain among microscope users.
Materials and Methods: This study was survey; conducted at Punjabi university, Patiala, Punjab, India. Total 100 microscope users of both genders, age; 19 to 40 years from different departments were included in the study. The prevalence of neck pain and back pain was evaluated with the use of an interview questionnaire. Furthermore, the functional disability related to neck pain and back pain was assessed by the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Oswestry low back pain and Disability Index (ODI).
Results: The prevalence of neck pain and back pain was 46% and 24% respectively. The subjects who were at the age of 21-30 years were highly affected with neck and back pain. Around 50.0% subjects of back pain and 50% of neck pain had mild disability, 18.2% of back pain and 81.8% of neck pain had moderate disability, 36.4% subjects of back pain and 63.6% of neck pain had indicates severe disability and 13 subjects of back pain and 25 of neck pain indicates complete disability on NDI and ODI.
Conclusion: A higher risk of neck pain and low back pain among microscope users predisposes this occupation at high risk of developing spine injuries which needs further consideration like knowledge of ergonomics, appropriate body position while working, selection of good chair and break time, etc.