Facial Anthropometry in Adult Jaunsari Tribe Population of Dehradun District of Uttarakhand AC01-AC03
Dr. Mukesh Singla,
Additional Professor, Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh-249203, Uttarakhand, India.
Introduction: Observations say that there are specific changes in facial features with the change in the geographical location and ethnicity of the communities. There is lack of such type of study on Jaunsari population. Facial anthropometric indices are of much importance in plastic and cosmetic surgery, forensic medicine and other allied clinical sciences. So, the project was planed.
Aim: To study facial anthropometric parameters in adult Jaunsari Tribe of District Dehradun, Uttarakhand. With objectives: 1) To study the facial anthropometric parameters of adult male and female population of Jaunsari Tribe of Dehradun district in Uttarakhand; 2) To analyse the sex difference in the facial anthropometric parameters of Jaunsari Tribe if any; 3) and statistical significance of the difference.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried on 100 adult males and 100 adult females of more than 18 years of age, belonging to Jaunsari Tribe, after due approval from Institutional Ethical Committee and informed consent. The methodology adopted for the anthropometric measurements was of Singh and Bhasin (1968) and concerned measurements were done.
Results: Important data were obtained, observed and analysed. It provided valuable data for the community for future use. It was found that according to Morphological Facial Index, 4%, 11%, 28%, 37%, 20% males and 5%, 14%, 27%, 32%, 22% females were Hypereuryprosopic, Euryprosopic, Mesoprosopic, Leptoprosopic and Hyperleptoprosopic whereas according to Morphological-upper facial Index, 0%, 0%, 3%, 81%, 16% males and 0%, 0%, 2%, 85%, 13% females were Hypereuryen, Euryen, Mesen, Lepten and Hyperlepten respectively. There were significant variations in all the measured facial parameters between male and female population of Jaunsari Tribe.
Conclusion: So, we conclude that majority of male (57%) and female (54%) population of Jaunsari Tribe are having Leptoprosopic and Hyperleptoprosopic type of face. Mesoprosopic is second dominant face type whereas least dominant face type is Euryprosopic and Hypereuryprosopic. Lepten is the most common face type in both male and female. There are significant variations in all measured facial parameters and morphological-upper facial Index between male and female population of Jaunsari Tribe.