Evaluation of Risk Management Knowledge among Nurses in Medical Training Hospital of Ilam
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, PO Box: 69391-77143, Ilam, Iran.
Introduction: Risk management is one of the most important concepts of clinical administration in health care system. It includes different interventions planned and performed to improve and provide safety of services for the clients.
Aim: To evaluate the status of risk management in the three state hospitals of medical education in Ilam (western Iran).
Materials and Methods: In the present descriptive analytic study, 112 registered nurses were randomly selected. The necessary data was gained through the risk management questionnaire as follows: nurses knowledge about risk management (8 items) organising how to manage risks (8 items), policies and procedures (6 items), risk management training (8 items), organisational status of risk management (6 items), monitoring, analysis, evaluation and control of risk (9 items). The questionnaire of 45 items was provided in 5-choice format in accordance to the Likert Scale. The least score was 45, while the most was 225, divided into 4 levels of weak, average descending, average ascending and good sections. The data analysis was done using SPSS V.19.
Results: The results showed that 56 people (50%) of the staff were male and 56 (50%) were female. Totally, the average score of risk management was 115.53, while the staff’s knowledge about of risk management was 22.62±5.32 (the highest score), policies and procedures on risk management was 20.48±5.7 (the lowest score).
Conclusion: A total of 57.14% of the investigated cases showed an average descending score of 90-134. A finding that necessitates an educational program on risk management dimensions as an essential measure. Accordingly, determination of educational programs on risk management dimensions, application of appropriate executive procedures and approaches besides establishment of supervising programs at hospitals are suggested.