Effectiveness of Hand Made Models: An Innovative Teaching Tool for Undergraduates in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Dr. Sandhya Subhash Gadre,
90, Malviya Nagar, Bhopal-462003, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Introduction: In medical science, students are expected to know the fundamentals and the details of the subjects they learn. Especially by the time student start learning Obstetrics and Gynaecology, they tend to forget the concerned anatomy. Many models and simulators are available for teaching the students, which are very expensive. Teaching by Hand-Made Models (HMM) is an innovative method, where models are made from on-the-spot available objects, without spending a single penny.
Aim: To know the impact of HMM prepared with on-the-spot available objects for teaching Obstetrics and Gynaecology to undergraduate medical students.
Materials and Methods: An interventional study was carried out at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India on 115 students. Few areas from the subject were selected for the teaching purpose. These were: 1) Anatomy of female genital tract; (2) Method of per vaginal examination; and (3) Method of Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) insertion. The students were divided into two groups. Both the groups were administered the same information (1,2,3) with two different teaching methods. Group A was given demonstration of (1,2,3) by HMM prepared on-the-spot, with on-the-spot available objects. Group B was given the same information (1,2,3) by readymade videos. The difference in the knowledge in each group was evaluated on the basis of Objectively Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). Studentsâ€™ perception was noted on five-point Likertâ€™s scale. The result obtained was compared between both the groups. Statistical analysis of OSCE scores was done by chi-square test, unpaired t-test of significance. The statistical software used was SPSS version 20.
Results: The mean OSCE score in group A (HMM) was 10.96 and in group B (Video) it was 8.96, (maximum score 20). The p<0.001 showed statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: Teaching by HMM is an effective, simple, zero-cost method of teaching Obstetrics and Gynaecology to medical undergraduates.