Retrospective Study of Three-Port versus Standard Four-Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Single Surgical Unit Experience of 1456 Patients PC01-PC03
Dr. Vivek Srivastava,
Department of General Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Although laparoscopic surgeries have proven beyond doubt their benefit in terms of early recovery, better patient care and cost-effectiveness, the quest for reduction in either the size or number of ports still continues.
Aim: To compare the safety, outcome, and advantages between three-port versus four-port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) in acute and chronic cholecystitis.
Materials and Methods: Medical records of 1456 patients that underwent LC (three- or four-port) for acute and chronic cholecystitis from January 2015 to December 2019 (60 months) were retrospectively analysed. All patients were given the same anaesthetic drugs for induction and maintenance, with standard anaesthetic protocol. The results were compared for both the techniques in terms of operating time, conversion rate, intraoperative complications, immediate postoperative complications, pain score, analgesic requirement and hospital stay.
Results: Total 1456 patients underwent LC; 1282 were female and 174 were male. The mean age of the patients was 39.2 years (range 18-70 years). The three-port LC technique was performed on 816 (56.04%) patients, while the traditional four-port LC technique was performed on 640 (43.96%) patients. Visual Analog Score (VAS) in the postoperative period at six hour was 2.11±0.82 in three-port group versus 3.17±1.12 in four-port group, this suggests that there was a significant difference in pain in these two groups in the early postoperative period (p<0.001). In three-port group, the requirement of analgesic drug was significantly less as compared to four-port group (2.86±0.98 versus 3.22±0.87; p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean operating time, duration of hospital stay, intra and postoperative complications, days to return to normal activity, satisfaction score and conversion rate (p=0.087, p=0.061, p=0.578, p=0.555, p=0.572 and p=0.145, respectively).
Conclusion: Three-port LC is a feasible, effective and safe technique that further enhances the surgical outcome in terms of postoperative pain, fewer needs for analgesic medication.