Diabetes Specific Quality of Life in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations- A Systematic Review LE01-LE06
Nghiep Ke Le,
Number 74, Group 9, Vo Tan Duc Street, Hamlet 2, Tam Binh Town, Tam Binh District, Vinh Long Province, Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is flagrant for its metabolic influence, acute and long-term complications and encroachment on the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL).
Materials and Methods: National and International databases (Y hoc Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam Journal of Preventive Medicine, Journal of Practical Medicine, Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, ERIC, Google and Google Scholar) were searched following search terms: â€śdiabetesâ€ť, â€śquality of lifeâ€ť, â€śdÂŻĂˇi thĂˇo dÂŻuâ€™o`â€™ngâ€ť and â€śchaÂ´` Â´ t luâ€™oâ€™ng cuoÂ´`c soÂ´` Â´ ngâ€ť. The data was analysed by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.
Results: A total of 36 studies passed the inclusion criteria and comprised the review. The studies were as follows: 18 studies in Malaysia, 9 studies in Singapore, 6 studies in Indonesia, 2 studies in Thailand, one study in Vietnam. Most studies investigated HRQoL among people with type 2 DM with the use of 17 different instruments. The findings of this review showed that diabetic persons had a lower HRQoL than healthy people. This discovery also indicated that better socioeconomic status, better control of risk factors and complications were associated with a better HRQoL among diabetic patients. Moreover, treatment adherence improved the HRQoL. The reviewed studies suffered from major methodological and reporting flaws which limited the validity and generalisation of their discoveries.
Conclusion: There were many tools that have been used to assess the HRQoL of diabetic patients in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). HRQoL diabetes is lower than that of healthy people, and it varies according to different characteristics of the patient. There were several gaps in the studies that need to be further assessed in subsequent studies.