Evaluation of Outcome Measures of Hysteroscopy Polypectomy in Women with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding IC01-IC04
Ziaeian Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: The most common causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB) in women of reproductive age are uterine polyps. Operative hysteroscopy is the management of choice to remove polyp. However, the certainty of the treatment remains to be examined.
Aim: To investigate the outcome of hysteroscopy polypectomy in women with AUB.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on the samples of women with AUB who were underwent a hysteroscopy polypectomy. Patients were assessed pre and postoperatively and were asked to respond to a number of outcome measures including duration of monthly cycle, menstruation cycle, heavy menstrual bleeding, the number of pads used in day and night and improvement of inter-menstrual bleeding, postcoital bleeding, and limited activity. Pre-and postsurgery data were compared using Wilcoxon and McNemar tests.
Results: In all, 83 patients were entered into the study. The mean age of participants was 41.8 (±8.37) years. The most common preoperative complaint was heavy menstrual bleeding (n=63, 76%) followed by intermenstrual bleeding (n=40, 48%). There were significant differences between preoperative and postoperative symptoms (p-values <0.05). Perceived complete recovery (n=54, 65%), partial recovery (n=13, 15.7%) and satisfaction (n=66, 79.5%) were high after hysteroscopy.
Conclusion: AUB due to polyp might be improved with hysteroscopy. Further investigations are needed to confirm the results and to study on co-existence of other causes of AUB after hysteroscopy polypectomy.