A Rare Case of Coexistence of Homozygous β-Thalassaemia and Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency ED01-ED03
Dr. Jitendar Mohan Khunger,
Department of Haematology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
β-thalassaemia is one of the most prevalent autosomal disorders worldwide. Mutations/deletions in globin gene underlie deficiencies in Haemoglobin (Hb) production, which can interfere with oxygen delivery by Hb, resulting in thalassaemias causing anaemias with a wide range of disease severity. Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a genetic abnormality resulting in inadequate amount of G6PD in the Red Blood Cells (RBCs). In patients with G6PD deficiency, the reduced or absent activity of the enzyme in RBCs causes premature haemolysis and symptomatic anaemia. The marked oxidative stress caused by homozygous β-thalassaemia is apparently incompatible with G6PD deficiency. Here, a rare case of six-month-old male child is described who presented with severe pallor hepato-splenomegaly and these two conditions co-existed in this patient.