Comparative Study of Stress among Depressed and Non-depressed Medical Students VC01-VC05
Achyut Kumar Pandey,
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Stress and depression are common among medical students. There are number of studies on this topic, but only few have assessed stress in clinically non-depressed medical students.
Aim: To study the prevalence, severity and profile of stress and depression in undergraduate medical students and to compare the same between depressed and non-depressed students.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study, was done, on 150 undergraduate medical students, of a medical college in Northern India from February 2018 to January 2019. Students Stress Dimension Questionnaire (SSDQ) was used to assess the stress severity and to categorise various domains affected. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was used to measure the depressive symptoms. Chi-square, independent-t test and one-way ANOVA were used to make the group comparisons.
Results: Mean age of the participants was 20.767 (SD=1.888). A total of 68.67% of the participants were males. Stress and depressive symptoms were present in 66.67% and 52% of the participants, respectively. Of the participants having no depressive symptoms 50% had stress. On group comparisons, depressed group had significantly lower mean age, higher rates of past history of psychiatric illness, higher prevalence and severity of stress, than non-depressed group. Prevalence of stress and depressive symptoms decreased with increasing seniority.
Conclusion: Medical students have high prevalence of stress and depression. In majority of medical students having depression, stress is present. There are still a significant proportion of students having no depression, but having high levels of stress. So, policy makers should take note of this while planning interventions to address the mental health of medical students.