Literature Review on Development and Validation of Quality of Life Tool among Chemotherapy Patients LE05-LE13
Mr. Virendra Kumar Jain,
PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, Manikaka Topawala Institute of Nursing, Changa, Anand, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Cancer is the second commonest explanation for death subsequent to heart diseases and it represented 8.8 million deaths worldwide during 2015. Quality of Life (QOL) is all about personal satisfaction, degree or the standard to which an individual, gathering of individuals or community people can appreciates the significant inclination and experience of life like physically, mentally, socially, etc.
Aim: To identify the existing tools or instrument for QOL among chemotherapy patients.
Materials and Methods: A systematic search of literature for QOL tool among chemotherapy patients was conducted. Electronic databases were looked: Pubmed, proquest, PsycINFC Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL).
Results: Researcher found 673 research papers from electronic data base: from that 353 articles were excluded bases on exclusion criteria. So total retrieved articles were 320 among all 51 duplicate articles, 88 No full text available, 58 not relevant and 47 abstracts were excluded. Final retrieved articles were 75; among them 38 full articles were excluded based on inclusion criteria. Finally, according to 38 studies, out of 14 investigations utilised European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QOL-C 30) survey, four studies used the Health Related Quality Of Life (HRQOL) tool, four studies used World Health Organisation Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) is a self-report questionnaire which assesses 4 domains of quality of life (QOL): physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment, Twelve studies used self administered questionnaire, four studies used other method like face to face validity, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) etc. The most-normally utilised instrument was a QOL tool for use in universal clinical preliminaries in oncology having a place with EORTC QOL C-30 survey, HRQOL tool and WHO BREF tool.
Conclusion: In this review study variety of instruments has been used by the researcher that explores the QOL of chemotherapy patients. The significance of psychometric properties of the instruments and its effect on discoveries rising up out of various examinations, it appears to be fundamental that more thought be paid to the validity and reliability of tool before conducting the research studies. Literature suggested that the analysts contribute enough consideration regarding the choice of standard instruments and organise the instruments' validity and reliability of their outlook explores. Finding of study suggested that tools along with ideal psychometrics properties which were good with the socio-cultural setting of particular country.