Correlation of CAT, CCQ and mMRC Scores in Patients of COPD with Exacerbation and after Treatment OC01-OC04
Dr. Mradul K Kumar Daga,
Director Professor, Department of Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a globally prevalent disease holds a huge stake among all pulmonary patients being admitted throughout the year. Various disease specific and health related quality of life questionnaires such as the Constructed Response Question (CRQ) and St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) are readily available, although, attributing to their complex structure, they can’t be used in a widespread manner. Some new scores like COPD Assessment Test (CAT), Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) were developed to ease-off this dilemma. However, there is a need to justify usage of these patient-friendly simplified scores by objectifying their inter-score reliability and correlation with disease severity and progression using statistical analysis.
Aim: To analyse efficacious use of CAT, CCQ score and modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale in assessing health status of COPD with exacerbation. Additionally, it was also targeted to assess the inter-score correlation and reliability.
Materials and Methods: A total of 180 confirmed cases of COPD with exacerbation were included in this study and subjected to requisite biochemical parameters, assessment scores at their admission, after 1 week and then after 4-6 week (at stabilisation) and spirometry. 136 patients were followed-up to 4-6 weeks and studied. Quantitative and qualitative variables thus obtained were compared statistically to find out correlation, if any. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Mean difference between CAT score at exacerbation and at 1 week and CAT score at exacerbation and at 4-6 weeks were statistically significant. The changes in CCQ scores from exacerbation to 1 week and 6 weeks were also found to be statistically significant. Similar pattern was also observed in assessing timescale variability of mMRC score. There was good correlation between CAT, CCQ and mMRC scores at exacerbation, 1 week and it continually intensified as patients progressed towards a more stable state (4-6 weeks). Similar pattern was also observed with significant progressive positive correlation between change in CAT, CCQ and mMRC scores from exacerbation to 1 week and from exacerbation to 4-6 weeks.
Conclusion: These score have a high correlative reliability when used to assess health status among various stages of disease from exacerbation towards a stable state. Similarly, correlation between change of individual score from exacerbation towards recovery state was also high.