Exploring Barriers for Early Initiation of Breastfeeding among Mothers in the Post-natal Ward: A Cross-sectional Study LC06-LC10
Dr. Adwitiya Das,
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MCH Main Hospital Building, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Early Initiation of Breast Feeding (EIBF), referred to as â€śprovision of motherâ€™s breast milk to infants within 1 hour of birthâ€ť, is the cornerstone of infant survival and health. In spite of an increase in proportion of mothers practising EIBF over the past decade, the number is still less than satisfactory.
Aim: To find out the proportion of mothers who practised EIBF, and the factors influencing the same.
Materials and Methods: Ninety-seven post-natal mothers were interviewed from June 2017 to August 2017 using a pre-designed, pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. Other relevant information collected from in-patient records. Logistic regression analysis was done.
Results: Out of 97 mothers, EIBF was practised by 59 (60.82%). Main reason for not initiating EIBF according to the mothers was â€śbaby not roomed/bedded-inâ€ť soon after birth, followed by exhaustion from delivery. Knowledge regarding benefits of EIBF was inadequate. Colostrum feeding was done by 83.51% of mothers. On logistic regression analysis, it was observed that in the multivariate model, education of mother, higher age at marriage, vaginal/vaginal assisted delivery and term/post-term baby were significant factors promoting EIBF.
Conclusion: EIBF was practised by less than two-thirds of study subjects. Knowledge regarding EIBF was unsatisfactory. This study revealed education of mother, higher age at marriage, vaginal/vaginal assisted delivery and term/post-term baby were significant factors promoting EIBF.