Nutritional Anaemia among Medical Students and its Correlation with Body Mass Index
Dr. Yeshwant Lamture,
Doctors Quaters, AVBRH Campus, Sawangi (Meghe)-442001, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Medical students may suffer from anaemia probably because of hectic study schedule leading to irregular diet. The association between Anaemia and Body Mass Index (BMI); has been controversial. Screening for the detection of anaemia is important in order to identify the at-risk population. There is paucity of data correlating haemoglobin with BMI. Very few studies have been conducted on medical students, who are an integral part of society.
Aim: To estimate nutritional anaemia among medical students and its correlation with BMI.
Materials and Methods: This was an observational study. Total 250 students were enrolled, aged between 18 to 21 years from April 2018 to October 2018. BMI and haemoglobin (Sahli’s haemoglobinometer) were measured. Data analysis was being carried out by using Statistical Package for Social Science i.e., SPSS. Correlation between BMI and haemoglobin was determined by Pearson’s correlation analysis.
Results: Out of the total 250 students participating in the study, 4.8% (12) were boys and 95.2% (238) were girls. Anaemia was found in 13.6% (34) students, among which 5.88% (2) were boys and 94.11% (32) were girls. The mean haemoglobin value in boys was 12.38 gm/dL (±1.70) and 11.75 gm/dL (±1.15) in girls. Among 250 students, 13.2% (33) were underweight, 78.4% (196) were within normal BMI and 8.4% (21) were overweight. The value of Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r) was 0.7956. This suggests undernutrition was associated with anaemia.
Conclusion: Majority of the anaemic girls were found to be underweight. A positive correlation was also found between anaemia and BMI.