Influence of Socio-demographic Variables on the Acceptance Rate of Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation: A Retrospective Study
Dr. Mili Ronghangpi,
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Silchar Medical College, Silchar-788014, Assam, India.
Introduction: Female sterilisation accounts for 36% of the population using various methods of contraception in India. Laparoscopic tubal ligation is a commonly used method for female sterilisation. Acceptance of sterilisation is influenced by socio-demographic factors. Better appreciation of socio-demographic factors influences the acceptance rate of laparoscopic tubal ligation and therefore it is important to be assessed.
Aim: To assess the socio-demographic factors among the acceptor of laparoscopic tubal ligation.
Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out at Silchar Medical College, Silchar, Assam. The socio-demographic data of woman undergone laparoscopic tubal ligation during one year period was collected. The women included in the study were Post Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Post-MTP) ligation, interval ligation and post-partum ligation. Women undergoing tubectomy during caesarean section were excluded from the study. Data were presented as percentage and proportion and subsequently, analysis was done.
Results: The mean age of the woman was 29.76±4.19. The number of woman with parity three was highest (45.45%). The interval from last childbirth to laparoscopic tubal ligation was more than 3 years in 34.55% woman. Majority (70%) of the women had post-MTP ligation.
Conclusion: There is long interval from last childbirth to tubal ligation. This gap must be filled up so that couples adopt permanent method of contraception at the earliest occasion after completion of family. Most of the woman had undergone medical termination of pregnancy at the time of sterilisation. Family welfare programme must be strengthened to prevent these unwanted pregnancies and its consequences.