Severe Pulmonary Air Leak Complicating Neonatal Resuscitation SD01-SD03
Dr. S Giridhar,
Associate Professor, Department of Neonatology, Chettinad Hospital and Research
Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Air leaks are an important respiratory morbidity in neonates and can result from positive pressure breaths administered at birth. The presentations can vary from being asymptomatic to severe respiratory distress and hypoxaemia. This report is about a term boy who presented with respiratory distress immediately after birth, following resuscitation. He also had a diffuse swelling in the nape of the neck and interscapular region with crepitus on palpation. Serial chest radiographs initially revealed a pneumomediastinum and a subcutaneous emphysema, followed later by a right-sided pneumothorax. After chest drain insertion and supportive care, the air leaks resolved, with no residual complications. Severe air leaks with multi-site air tracking can rarely complicate positive pressure administration at birth, requiring timely intervention to optimise outcomes.