Application of Sigma Metrics for Evaluating the Analytical Performance of Thyroid Profile and Cortisol in Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory BC09-BC11
Dr. Roshni Gokaldas Sadaria,
C-204, Lilleria Avenue, Sama-Savali Road, Vadodara-390024, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Now-a-days quality is the key aspect of clinical laboratory services. The six sigma metrics is an important quality measurement method for evaluating the performance of the clinical laboratory.
Aim: To assess the analytical performance of clinical biochemistry laboratory by utilising thyroid profile and cortisol parameters from Internal Quality Control (IQC) data and to calculate sigma values.
Materials and Methods: Study was conducted at Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory, Dhiraj General Hospital, Piparia, Gujarat, India. Retrospectively, IQC data of thyroid profile and cortisol were utilised for six subsequent months (July to December 2019). Coefficient of Variation (CV%) and bias were calculated from IQC data, from that the sigma values were calculated. The sigma values <3, >3 and >6 were indicated by poor performance procedure, good performance and world class performance, respectively.
Results: The sigma values were estimated by calculating mean of six months. The mean sigma value of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Cortisol were >3 for six months which indicated the good performance. However, sigma value of Triiodothyronine (T3), Tetraiodothyronine (T4) were found to be <3 which indicated poor performance.
Conclusion: Six sigma methodology applications for thyroid profile and cortisol was evaluated, it was generally found as good. While T3 and T4 parameters showed low sigma values which requires detailed root cause analysis of analytical process. With the help of six sigma methodology, in clinical biochemistry laboratories, an appropriate Quality Control (QC) programming should be done for each parameter. To maintain six sigma levels is challenging to quality management personnel of laboratory, but it will be helpful to improve quality level in the clinical laboratories.